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Calculation of Doppler Spectral Power Density Functions

G. Aldis
R. Thompson
Journal / Anthology

IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Year: 1992
Volume: 39
Issue: 10
Page range: 1022-1031

A volume integral method for the calculation of Doppler ultrasound spectral power density (spd) functions is described. Axisymmetric flow in a circular tube with a power law velocity profile is assumed. The spd function is regarded as a probability density function for scatterer velocity, and the assumptions under which this is justified are considered. It is shown that the spd function is independent of Doppler angle except in the presence of wall reflection effects. A coordinate system centered on the beam is used and this enables the integrals to be easily formulated for arbitrary beams. Irregularly shaped and nonuniform beams can be treated. For the common flow and beam patterns, which exhibit symmetry, the volume integrals can often be reduced to a single integral and evaluated directly. The method is applied and the spectra are calculated for various different cases. Results are obtained for uniform rectangular and circular insonating beams, and for nonuniform beams with Gaussian, jinc, and sinc profiles. The effects of narrow beams and wall reflection are shown. The method may be readily applied to other beam and flow patterns, and extension to more complicated situations is also discussed.

*Science > Physics > Wave Motion