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Strongdeco: Expansion of analytical, strongly correlated quantum states into a many-body basis

Bruno Julia-Diaz
Organization: University of Pittsburgh
Department: Physics and Astronomy
URL: http://www.pitt.edu/
Tobias Graß
Journal / Anthology

Computer Physics Communications
Year: 2012
Volume: 183
Issue: 3
Page range: 737-345

We provide a Mathematica code for decomposing strongly correlated quantum states described by a first-quantized, analytical wave function into many-body Fock states. Within them, the single-particle occupations refer to the subset of Fock–Darwin functions with no nodes. Such states, commonly appearing in two-dimensional systems subjected to gauge fields, were first discussed in the context of quantum Hall physics and are nowadays very relevant in the field of ultracold quantum gases. As important examples, we explicitly apply our decomposition scheme to the prominent Laughlin and Pfaffian states. This allows for easily calculating the overlap between arbitrary states with these highly correlated test states, and thus provides a useful tool to classify correlated quantum systems. Furthermore, we can directly read off the angular momentum distribution of a state from its decomposition. Finally we make use of our code to calculate the normalization factors for Laughlin’s famous quasi-particle/quasi-hole excitations, from which we gain insight into the intriguing fractional behavior of these excitations.