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Linear and nonlinear rheology of polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites

Hassan Eslami
Miroslav Grmela
Journal / Anthology

The Society of Rheology.
Year: 2010
Volume: 54
Issue: 3
Page range: 539-562

Linear and nonlinear in both steady and transient shear flows rheological properties of polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites prepared by melt mixing of polybutylene succinate-coadipate  and organically modified montmorillonite are investigated. Morphology of the nanocomposites is observed by x-ray diffraction and by transmission electron microscopy. Linear viscoelastic measurements in oscillatory shear with small strain amplitude show a low frequency plateau for storage modulus an indication of a pseudo-solid like structure. A strong shear-thinning behavior for all ranges of shear rates is observed for high clay loading. An unusual behavior is observed for steady state normal stress differences. At low shear rates their values are larger than those observed for pure polymer. An inverse relation is observed at relatively high shear rates. The two models Eslami, H., M. Grmela, and M. Bousmina, A mesoscopic rheological model of polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites, J. Rheol. 51, 11891222 2007; Eslami, H., M. Grmela, and M. Bousmina, A mesoscopic tube model of polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites, Rheol. Acta 48, 317331 2009 that we have developed previously allow us to relate the observed rheological behavior to the physics taking place in the nanocomposites on a mesoscopic level. The models take into account the chain-chain, chain-lamella, and lamellalamella interactions. With their help, we are also able to separate contributions from the polymer and the nano charge.