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Flow slides run-out prediction using a sliding-consolidation model

S. F. Qiao
Organization: Central South University
Department: School of Civil Engineering
C. R. I. Clayton
Organization: University of Southampton
Department: School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Journal / Anthology

Year: 2013
Volume: 10
Issue: 6
Page range: 831-842

The estimation of maximum travel distance of flow slides is an important topic to assess the consequence of natural disasters caused by landslides. During debris transportation, dissipation rules of pore-water pressure determine movement properties of flow slides. Based on 1-D Terzaghi consolidation theory, expressions of excess pore-water pressure with three cases of initial conditions are deduced and are programmed using Mathematica® language. Furthermore, the factors affecting the distribution of pore-water pressure are studied using nondimensional method interactively, such as z/h, ub/ua, and Tv, which are fairly significant to investigate soil consolidation during the movement of flow slides. On the basis of the sliding-consolidation model first provided as reported by Hutchinson (Can. Geotech. J. 23(2):115-126, 1986), equations of porewater pressure, velocity, and travel distance of flow slides are obtained and the physical quantities are coded as mathematical functions using Mathematica® language characterized by its userfriendly interfaces to study run-out properties of flow slides very easily. The program can be used to compute velocity of flow slide, time, and pore-water pressure at a certain position, and thus judge automatically when and where flow slide will stop on slopes with different slope angles, solving the computing difficulties encountered during the Hutchinson's model application, especially in the last decades when computing technique with computers did not develop so rapidly as at present. At last, back analysis for properties of the 1966 flow slide at Aberfan, SouthWales is done to test the model and the program, whose results are compared with those as reported by Hutchinson (Can. Geotech. J. 23(2):115-126, 1986). The results show that the program developed by the authors makes the application of Hutchinson's model more correct and easier.

*Science > Geology and Geophysics
*Science > Hydrology

Flow slides, Pore-water pressure, Consolidation, Run-out, Velocity