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Microtubule assembly-derived by dimerization of TPPP/p25. Evaluation of thermodynamic parameters for multiple equilibrium system from ITC data

Judit Oláh
Ágnes Zotter
Emma Hlavanda
Sándor Szunyogh
Ferenc Orosz
Krisztián Szigeti
Judit Fidy
Judit Ovádi
Journal / Anthology

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Year: 2012
Volume: 1820
Page range: 785-794

Background: The disordered Tubulin Polymerization Promoting Protein/p25 (TPPP/p25) modulates the dynamics and stability of the microtubule system. In this paper the role of dimerization in its microtubulerelated functions is established, and an approach is proposed to evaluate thermodynamic constants for multiple equilibrium systems from ITC measurements. Methods: For structural studies size exclusion chromatography, SDS-PAGE, chemical cross-linking, circular dichroism, fluorescence spectroscopy and isothermal titration calorimetry were used; the functional effect was analyzed by tubulin polymerization assay. Numerical simulation of the multiple equilibrium was performed with Mathematica software. Results: The dimerization of TPPP/p25 is promoted by elevation of the protein concentration and by GTP addition. The dimeric form displaying enhanced tubulin polymerization promoting activity is stabilized by disulfide bond or chemical cross-linking. The GTP binding to the dimeric form (Kd-GTP=200 μM) is tighter with one order of magnitude than to the monomeric one leading to the enrichment of the dimers. A mathematical model elaborated for the multiple equilibrium of the TPPP/p25-GTP system was validated by fitting the GTP-dependent changes of ellipticity and fluorescence signal in the course of TPPP/p25 titrations. The evaluation of the equilibrium constants rendered it possible to determine the thermodynamic parameters of the association of different TPPP/p25 forms with GTP from ITC measurements. Conclusions/General Significance: The dimerization of TPPP/p25 with favorable physiological functional potency is proposed to play significant role in the fine tuning of TPPP/p25-mediated microtubule assembly; the unfolded monomers might be involved in the formation of pathological inclusions characteristic for Parkinson's disease and other synucleinopathies.


Tubulin Polymerization Promoting Protein/p25, GTP binding, Oligomerization-dependent function, Mathematical modeling for multiple equilibrium