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Rigorous Distillation Dynamics Simulations Using a Computer Algebra System
Authors

Housam Binous
Organization: KFUPM
Department: Chemical Engineering
URL: http://sites.google.com/site/homepageofdrhousambinous/
Zakia Nasri
Organization: National Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology - Tunis, TUNISIA
Department: Department of Chemical Engineering
Journal / Anthology

Wiley InterScience
Year: 2009
Description

ABSTRACT: In the present paper, Mathematica, the famous computer algebra system, is used to perform steady state and dynamic simulations of a multi-component distillation column. In order to describe the vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) relationships and to compute the vapor- and liquid-phase enthalpies, the Soave-Redlich-Kwong equation of state (SRK EOS) is chosen. Rigorous modeling is performed where both mass and energy balance equations are solved. The Francis weir formula is selected to model column hydraulics. All steady state results of the column simulations are found to agree very well with those obtained using HYSYS. Finally, some insight into column control is given through the application of both the slope and sensitivity criteria. The computer code, developed at the National Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology (INSAT) in Tunis by the authors, has served to teach several aspects of chemical engineering to senior undergraduate students at INSAT. Indeed, students gain from such code a good understanding of energy and mass balances, column dynamic, and control, equations of state and VLE as well as some applied mathematics such as nonlinear algebraic equations, differential-algebraic systems of equations, and how they can be solved using computer algebra systems, such as Mathematica. In addition, they learn about major process simulators such as HYSYS.

2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Comput Appl Eng Educ; Published online at Wiley InterScience; DOI 10.1002/cae.20385
Subjects

*Engineering > Chemical Engineering
*Mathematica Technology
*Science > Chemistry
Keywords

distillation, applied thermodynamics, SRK EOS, simulation dynamic and control
URL

http://www.interscience.wiley.com
Downloads

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binous distillation dynamic.pdf (828.7 KB) - PDF Document